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Lots of factors go into caring for your skin. Diet, water intake, and lifestyle issues can all affect your skin. And throughout your life, your skin changes based on how you’ve cared for it, your genetic makeup, how much you’ve been in the sun, etc. How do you know what’s best for YOUR skin?
The first step is determining what type of skin you have. As noted above, this may change throughout your lifetime, but here are some general things to look at to determine your facial skin type.
- Dry skin: If your skin feels tight and dry and even flakes, peels, and cracks during the winter, you have dry skin. Pores are usually small and feel tight. Cleansing leaves skin tight and dehydrated. You feel like you need moisturizer constantly, especially after cleansing or in the morning. Your skin can have red patches, lines, and feel less elastic.
- Oily skin: Your skin feels greasy and shiny all over. Pores are large and easily clogged. The only time it feels clean is immediately after cleansing. Moisturizer makes your skin feel even oilier. When you’re stressed or in the heat, it’s even worse.
- Combination skin: Usually, this skin type is oily in the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) and dry everywhere else. However, if you notice two (or more!) different types of textures on your face, you have combination skin. Pores are often large and clogged in the nose area, but unnoticeable elsewhere. After cleansing, your skin feels clean and refreshed around the nose but tight and dry everywhere else. You need moisturizer on your cheeks but not anywhere else.
- Sensitive skin: If your skin feels itchy or patchy, or even stings, you may have sensitive skin. It can feel dry after cleansing and may even itch or feel irritated. You need moisturizer, but it can irritate your skin.
Products For You
Now that you’ve determined what type of skin you have, you can better choose the types of products that work well for you.
- Cleanser: Avoid any cleanser that leaves your skin feeling stripped, dry, and irritated, especially if you have dry or sensitive skin. If your skin is on the oily side, look for a cleanser with a lower pH level to gently remove oils. If your skin is sensitive, look for cleansers with no problem chemicals or heavy fragrances. Look for soap-free, sulfate-free, and paraben-free cleansers for all skin types.
- Moisturizer: If your skin is dry, its natural barrier function may be compromised. To protect the skin from becoming further dehydrated, look for moisturizers with high water content. If your skin is oily, you still need a moisturizer, but look for low concentrations of ingredients like emulsifiers, waxes, and oils. Also, stick with a water-based moisturizer. Even if a moisturizer is thick and creamy, that doesn’t mean it will effectively hydrate your skin. To replace lost moisture and protect the skin from becoming further dehydrated, look for ingredients that replenish and support the skin’s natural barrier.
- Antioxidant serum: Serums generally contain active ingredients that work in your skin to deliver antioxidants and other helpful ingredients right where they are needed. Look for a water-based serum that can deliver water-soluble ingredients like vitamin C. Watch out for heavy oil-based serums, especially if you have oily skin—they can make your skin seem extra greasy.
- Anti-aging cream: Look for a cream that hydrates the skin. No need to go with heavy, oily creams, especially if your skin is already oily. Look for water-based creams that have ingredients These ingredients reduce the appearance of wrinkles and help the skin look healthy.
- Eye cream: No matter what type of skin you have, the skin around your eyes is sensitive. You’ll probably get the first signs of aging right around your eyes, so don’t use anything drying, such as products with high alcohol content. Look for gentle moisturizers that have ingredients that reduce the appearance of puffiness and dark circles.
Other Ways to Care for Your Skin
Other factors affect your skin daily. Foods, supplements, and your lifestyle all make a difference.
Foods and Supplements: What you’re putting into your body affects your skin. To help keep your skin healthy, it’s important to pay attention to your diet. Here’s what to look for to provide what your skin needs:
- Water: Drink plenty to keep your skin moist and help your cells get rid of toxins.
- Selenium: Selenium is a trace mineral—you just need a little, but a little does a lot. To help protect against free radical damage, especially in your skin, make sure you’re getting enough selenium from foods like Brazil nuts, mushrooms, fish, and seafood.
- CoQ10: This potent antioxidant has been shown to help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and other signs of aging. Get it from fish and whole grains.
- Vitamin A: Eat orange fruits and veggies and leafy greens to get enough of this antioxidant. Vitamin A may help skin appear less dry and flaky and may even reduce the appearance of wrinkles and brown spots.
- Vitamin C: Citrus fruits, greens, and cruciferous veggies like Brussels sprouts will provide this antioxidant, which may help to prevent formation of free radicals caused by environmental issues like UV exposure.
- Vitamin E: Help keep your skin from looking red and irritated by getting enough of this antioxidant. Eat plenty of healthy oils, nuts, seeds, and leafy greens.
Lifestyle: Keep your skin looking its best by following these guidelines:
- Use a sunscreen that blocks UVA and UVB rays
- Avoid direct sunlight
- Always wear a hat and sunglasses with large lenses that cover the delicate skin around the eyes
- Never wear makeup to bed
Check out the TrueScience skin care line for products that work well with all skin types. These products are scientifically formulated with Nrf2 technology to help create healthier, brighter looking skin.